BOTANICAL NAME: Smilax china
Bhavaprakash: Haritkyadi varga
ENGLISH NAME: China root
Hindi: Chopchini, Chobchini, Madhusnuhi
Bengali: Harha shukohina khohini
REFERENCE: BHAVAPRAKASH SAMHITA with link e Nighantu:
द्वीपान्तरवचा किञ्चित्तिक्तोष्णा वह्निदीप्तिकृत् |
विबन्धाध्मानशूलघ्नी शकृन्मूत्रविशोधिनी ||९६||
वातव्याधीनपस्मारमुन्मादं तनुवेदनाम् |
व्यपोहति विशेषेण फिरङ्गामयनाशिनी ||९७|| ( Haritakyadi Varga )
Smilax china is basically native to China, Korea, Taiwan and Japan. Now it is widely distributed in forests, hillsides and shaded places along valleys in India, Vietnam, Philippines, Vietnam and Myanmar.
A climbing thorny shrub with tendrils and few prickles. Leaves elliptic prominently nerved and rounded at the base; Flowers- white in umbels; Fruit – red; the tuberous root which is used in medicine is about 20 cm. long, 3 cm. 3) thick, knotty, whitish pink and without fibres. Bhävamiśra, compiler of this Nighantu also first time introduced its use in syphilis in Ayurvedic literature.
|Tikta||Laghu, Ruksha||Ushna||Katu||–||Tridosha shamaka|
|TASTE||PROPERTY||POTENCY||POST DIGESTIVE EFFECT||EFFECT ACTION||DOSHA ACTION|
MAJOR CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS:
Tannin, resin and cinchonin, along with smilacin and a steroidal saponin yielding on hydrolysis sarsasapogenin, have been identified in the tuberous roots. The presence of flavonoid glycosides, and three saponins one of which yields diosgenin, has also been reported. Seeds yield 11.1% of a fatty oil. Leaves contain rutin.
- Chronic headache: It is given orally with Anantamula.
- Joint Disorders: Boil it in the milk and then Dalchini & Ela are added to it. This is used in gout, rheumatoid arthritis.
- Epilepsy: Hot infusion of Chopchini is used in epilepsy cases.
- Skin disorders: Decoction of Chopchini should be used twice a day.
Rasayan delays ageing, Vajikara improves sexual desire, Phirangaroga Syphilis, Amvata Rheumatoid arthritis, Vatarakta Gout, Raktashodhaka purifies blood, Dhatuksheenta Malnutrition, Apasmara Epilepsy
USEFUL PART: Rhizome/ Tuber
DOSAGE: 250-500 mg. with milk and ginger powder.
2. Madhusnuhi Rasayana