BOTANICAL NAME: Woodfordia fruticosa
Charaka- Pureesh Sangrahaniya, Mutra Viranjaniya.
Sushruta- Priyangvadi Gana and Ambashthadi Gana.
Bhavprakash- Haritkyadi Varga
ENGLISH NAME: Fire flame bush
Hindi name: Dhaaya/ Dhaay ke Phool
Punjabi name: Dhavi
Bengali Name: Dhai
Kannada: Bela, tamrapuspi
REFERENCE: BHAVAPRAKASH SAMHITA with link e Nighantu:
धातकी धातुपुष्पी च ताम्रपुष्पी च कुञ्जरा |
सुभिक्षा बहुपुष्पी च वह्निज्वाला च सा स्मृता ||१६३||
धातकी कटुका शीता मृदुकृत्तुवरा लघुः |
HABITAT: Dhataki consists of flowers of Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz. (Fam. Lythraceae): much branched, semi deciduous, undershrub or shrub, 1-3 m high, rarely upto 3 m, found throughout India, ascending to 1500 m in Himalayas and also in the Gangetic plains, also cultivated in gardens.
Flowering and Fruiting time: Flowering in Feb-april & fruiting in april-june.
BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION: It is a bushy shrub, with long, spreading branches, pubescent, young branches and leaves with numerous, small, black glands. Leaves are opposite or subopposite, grey pubescent beneath, ovate or linear-lanceolate. Flowers are scarlet, showy, tubular or slender pedicels dilated above, borne in axillary clusters. Fruits are capsules, ellipsoid, membranous, included in the calyx. Seeds are cuneate-obovate, smooth.
|Kashaya||Laghu, Ruksha||Sheeta||Katu||Madakari||Kapha-pitta shamak|
|TASTE||PROPERTY||POTENCY||POST DIGESTIVE EFFECT||EFFECT ACTION||DOSHA ACTION|
|Astringent||Light, rough.||Cold||Pungent||Delirium||Kapha pitta pacifying|
MAJOR CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: Tannins and cyaniding, diglucoside, octacosanol and beta-sitosterol are isolated from leaves. Leaves are rich in ellagic acid, polystachoside, pelargonidin-3 and 5-diglucoside.
- Dysentery: Dried flowers are given with the milk
- Foul ulcer and wound healing: Powder of the flower in dried form or their decoction is applied locally.
- Burns: Local application of ointment prepared from its bark.
Shvetapradara Leucorrhea, Prajasthapana female infertility, Pittabhishyanda conjunctivitis.
USEFUL PART: Flower
DOSAGE: Powder-1.5 g
- Dhatakyadi tail,
- Dhatakyadi churna,