BOTANICAL NAME: Datura stramonium
Bhavaprakash: Guduchyadi varga
ENGLISH NAME: White Thorn Apple
Kannada: Ummatti, Madagunaki, Dathura
REFERENCE: BHAVAPRAKASH SAMHITA with link e Nighantu:
धत्तूरधूर्तधुत्तूरा उन्मत्तः कनकाह्वयः |
देवता कितवस्तूरी महामोही शिवप्रियः |
मातुलो मदनश्चास्य फले मातुलपुत्रकः ||७५||
धत्तूरो मदवर्णाग्निवातकृजवरकुष्ठनुत् |
कषायो मधुरस्तिक्तो यूकालिक्षाविनाशकः |
उष्णो गुरुर्व्रणश्लेष्मकण्डूकृमिविषापहः ||७६|| (Guduchyadi varga )
Datura metel is commonly found in tropical parts of India to temperate parts of Himalayas. Also found all over Bangladesh in road sides and other fallow lands. It is invasive in parts of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.
Its growth is very good in a fertile calcareous soil.
It is an annual herb found in the temperate Himalaya from Baluchistan and Kashmir to Sikkim. Distributed east and west outer Himalaya. Also found in higher mountainous area and in south India also. It is up to 2′ to 4′ high; stem green, violet or black, grown glabrous or minutely pubescent; Leaves are ovate, toothed or sinuate. Flowers are large white sometimes with violet tinge, calyx long, tubular, corolla long, funnel shaped, ovary 2 or spuriously 4 celled; Fruit 4-valves, which split, spinous. Seeds are many, compressed, kidney shaped, of blackish grey colored.
|Madhura, Katu, Tikta, Kasaya.||Guru, tikshana||Ushna||Katu||Madakari||Kaphahara|
|TASTE||PROPERTY||POTANCY||POST DIGESTIVE EFFECT||EFFECT ACTION||DOSHA ACTION|
MAJOR CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS:
Alkaloids (Hyoscine) and two withanolide Glucosides (Dhaturametelin A & B)
- Breast abscess: Poultice of Dhatura with Haridra is applied at the infected area.
- Skin disorders: Local application of its oil.
- Bronchial Asthma: Dhoompana with its powder should be done.
- Inflammation: Paste prepared from its leaves is locally applied.
Shwasa Asthma, Kasa Cough, Jwara Fever, Shoola Painful conditions, Shotha Inflammation, Gridhrasi Sciatica, Sandhishotha Joint inflammation, Adhamana Flatulence, Amvata Rhuematoid arthritis, Charma rogas Skin disorders, Dhanurvata Tetanus
USEFUL PART: Seeds, Flower, Root bark, leaves
DOSAGE: 100 – 200 mg
2. Ekangavira Rasa
3. Puspadhanva Rasa
4. Tribhuvana Kirti Rasa
5. Sri Jayamangala Rasa
6. Laghu Visagarbha Taila
7. Visatinduka Taila
8. Dhattura Taila