BOTANICAL NAME: Caesalpinia sappan Linn
BHAVPRAKASH- Karpooradi Varga
SANSKRIT NAME: Kuchandana, Jaghanya, Patta Ranjaka, Suranga, Patta Ragam, Pattanga.
ENGLISH NAME: Sappan Wood
COMMON NAME: Pagang, Bakam, Patranga, Pattanga
REFERENCE: BHAVAPRAKASH SAMHITA with link e Nighantu:
भावप्रकाश-पूर्वखण्ड-मिश्रप्रकरण – ३. कर्पूरादिवर्ग
पतङ्गं रक्तसारञ्च सुरङ्गं रञ्जनं तथा |
पट्टरञ्जकमाख्यातं पत्तूरञ्च कुचन्दनम् ||१७||
पतङ्गं मधुरं शीतं पित्तश्लेष्मव्रणास्रनुत् |
हरिचन्दनवद्वेद्यं विशेषाद्दाहनाशनम् ||१८||
चन्दनानि तु सर्वाणि सदृशानि रसादिभिः |
गन्धेन तु विशेषोऽस्ति पूर्वः श्रेष्ठतमो गुणैः ||१९||
HABITAT: Xerophytic in nature, found in subtropical and tropical regions with dry and hot climatic conditions.
Patang is a shrub or small thorny tree, about 6 to 9 m in height with conspicuous spines on the stem and leaf rachis. Paired, recurved stipular prickles are found on branches. It is usually cultivated as a hedge plant. Bark is Moderately hard, greyish-brown in color with distinct ridges and sharp prickles about 2.5 cm thick, dark brown on one surface and creamish -white on the other, and yellowish-orange in between; Odour and taste not characteristic. Leaves are Bipinnately compound, 20 to 45 cm long and are alternately arranged. About 8 to 16 pairs of pinnae on each leaf. Each pinna has ten to 20 pairs of oblong or oblong-rhomboid shaped leaflets attached in a distinct manner. Drug occurs in pieces, moderately hard, about 2.5 cm thick, smooth, dark brown on one surface and creamish -white on the other, and yellowish-orange in between; fracture, fibrous; odour and taste not characteristic.
|TASTE||PROPERTY||POTENCY||POST DIGESTIVE EFFECT||EFFECT ACTION||DOSHA ACTION|
|Sweet, Bitter||Dry in nature||Cold||Undergoes Pungent taste
|–||Pacifies vitiated pitta dosha|
MAJOR CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: – Brasilin, Essential oils, Saponin Glycoside, Amino Acids and Sugars.
- Used as lepa in skin disorders.
- Dusting of ptranga powder is done for haemostatic action.
- Helps in promoting Wound healing.
- Useful in Diarrhea Condition also.
- Uttarbasti of decoction made by patranga is given in shveta and rakta pradara.
- Kwath or Arishta preparation is effection in gynaecological practices.
- Daha, Mukharoga, Pradara, Vrana, Rakta Dosa.
Kushtha Skin disorders, Raktapitta vikara Bleeding disorders, Pradar Leucorrhea, Prameha Urinary Disorders, Artav vyapad DUB.
USEFUL PART: Saara
2. Arimedadi Taila
3. Kumkumadi Taila